Types Of Cactus
Cacti are members of the Cactaceae family. The one thing all cacti have in common is the succulent stems in which to store water. Of course, the ability to store water is not unique to cacti, other plants also do the same, including living stones or Lithops and Stapelia. But these are not within the Cactaceae family, and so we have not included them in this website.
Ariocarpus agavoides, Cactus
Ariocarpus agavoides is a species of cactus in the family Cactaceae. It is endemic to Mexico, and its natural habitat is hot deserts. It is commonly known as Tamaulipas Living Rock Cactus. This species is almost extinct in the wild due to over-collection.
Ariocarpus agavoides is a rosette-shaped succulent, growing up to 7 cm in diameter. Its tubercles are 4 cm long and 0.5 cm wide, with pointed tips and 1-3 very short spines. Diurnal magenta flowers (4 cm in diameter) are produced in mid-summer. It grows well in full sun and propagation is by seeds.
Arthrocereus rondonianus, Cactus
Arthrocereus rondonianus is a vulnerable species of cactus in the family Cactaceae. It is endemic to Minas Gerais in Brazil, growing in dry savanna and rocky areas. It has slender stems with 14-18 ribs. Stems branching from the base, growing to 50 cm long and 2.5 cm in diameter, with 1-2 central spines and numerous needle -like radials. It bears lilac-pink flowers in June.
Cylindropuntia acanthocarpa, Cactus
Cylindropuntia acanthocarpa is a species of cactus in the family Cactaceae. It is native to California, Nevada, Utah and Arizona in the United States. It is commonly known as Buckhorn Cholla.
Cylindropuntia acanthocarpa is a shrubby cactus, growing up to 4 m tall. The stems are branched out like a buck’s antlers and are covered with 6-20 yellowish brown spines per areole. Flowers of striking red, yellow, orange, pink, yellow-green or purple color are produced in late April to May. The flowers are followed by spiny, brown-colored fruits that dry up when ripe, and drop off before the next flowering period.
Disocactus ackermannii, Cactus
Disocactus ackermannii is a species of cactus in the family Cactaceae, formerly known as Epiphyllum ackermannii. It is native to Oaxaca, Veracruz in Mexico. Disocactus ackermannii is commonly known as Disocactus, Orchid Cactus and Strap Cactus.
Disocactus ackermannii is a slow-growing, multi-stemmed plant with an established root system. It grows well in light shade and is suitable for hanging basket. It produces red or red-orange flowers. Propagation is by stem cuttings.
Disocactus phyllanthoides, Cactus
Disocactus phyllanthoides is a species of cactus in the family Cactaceae. It is native to southern Mexico. Disocactus phyllanthoides is also known as Pond Lily Cactus, Nopalillo, and German Empress.
Disocactus phyllanthoides is very easy to grow and is commonly grown as an ornamental pot plant. It has long branching stems, primary and secondary, of up to 1 m long. It bears funnel-shaped rose-pink flowers, 8 – 10 cm long and 7 – 9 cm wide.
Echinopsis lageniformis, Cactus
Echinopsis lageniformis (Syn. Trichocereus bridgesii) a species of cactus in family Cactaceae. It is native to high deserts of Bolivia.
Echinopsis lageniformis is a fast growing columnar cactus, 2-5 m tall and 15-20 cm in diameter. It is light green in color and usually has 4-8 ribs with brown spines of 6-7 cm long.
A monstrose form of Echinopsis lageniformis called Penis Cactus is a sought-after cactus by cactus collectors due to its unusual shapes. This cactus is light green in color and has short stem section which branch avidly, forming a low spiny bush. The lower part has the tendency to forms ribs. The stem segment is smooth and spineless on the upper part, and resembling a penis of a grown man.
Ferocactus cylindraceus, Cactus
Ferocactus cylindraceus is a species of barrel cactus in family Cactaceae. It is native to southwest USA and northern Mexico, and is commonly known as Compass Barrel Cactus, California Barrel Cactus, Desert Barrel Cactus and Miner’s Compass. It tends to lean south as it ages, thus the common name ‘Compass Cactus’.
Ferocactus cylindraceus is a drought-tolerant, slow-growing, solitary cactus growing up to 2.5 m tall, and 35 cm in diameter. It has 18-25 ribs with areoles that are 1.5-2 cm apart. The areoles have 1-4 central spines, usually 2 of them are longer, curved but not hooked. The central spines are white, 7-11 cm long and 6-12 whitish, yellow, red, or brown, radial spines that are shorter and spreading. It bears yellow or orange flowers from May to August.
Ferocactus cylindraceus grows well in full sun, moderately rich and well-drained soil. It dies easily if too much water was given or not enough sun.
Arthrocereus glaziovii, Cactus
Arthrocereus glaziovii is an endangered species of cactus in the family Cactaceae. It is endemic to Minas Gerais in Brazil, and can be found at elevation of 1300 – 1750 m in rocky areas.
Cereus repandus, Cactus
Cereus repandus is a species of cactus in the family Cactaceae. It is also known as Peruvian Apple Cactus, Giant Club Cactus, or Hedge Cactus. Cereus repandus is native to the West Indies through Venezuela, and is cultivated in Israel and South America.
Cereus repandus is a large, erect, and thorny columnar cactus, growing up to 10 m tall and 10-20 cm in diameter. The cylindrical gray-green stems are segmented and multi-lobed, and bear white nocturnal flowers. The fruits are medium-sized, smooth, round, and dark-red in color. The edible white flesh contains numerous small, black, crunchy seeds and is mildly sweet. The ripe fruits often split open while still on the plant.
Cereus repandus is a popular ornamental plant, especially in arid landscapes. It grows well in full sun and requires little water when established. Propagation is by seeds or stem cuttings.
Cylindropuntia bigelovii, Cactus
Cylindropuntia bigelovii is a species of cactus in the family Cactaceae. It is commonly known as Teddy-bear Cholla or Jumping Cholla. It is native to Baja California, Arizona, New Mexico,and Nevada in USA , and also Sonora in Mexico. Cylindropuntia bigelovii grows in desert at elevation from 30-90 m.
Cylindropuntia bigelovii is a shrubby, tree-like cactus, 2.4 m tall, with a distinct trunk. The near-horizontal branches are at the top of the trunk, and lower branches typically fallen off. The stems have very-loosely adhered joints and are covered with pale yellow, sharp, and barbed spines. When view from a distance, the spines have the illusion of a soft or fuzzy appearance. The spiny stem segments detach easily at the joint when brushed against it, and will stick to the hair of animals. The fallen segments will take root in soil, creating new plants.
The greenish-white or lime green flowers emerge at the tip of the stems from February to May, followed by green wrinkled, tuberculate fruit with no viable seed. The flowers are 3.5 cm in diameter.
Disocactus flagelliformis, Cactus
Disocactus flagelliformis is a species of cactus in family Cactaceae. It is native to Hildago and Oaxaca in Mexico. This cactus is also known as Rat Tail Cactus, and is the most cultivated species in the genus.
Disocactus flagelliformis is an epiphytic cactus, growing in dry forest. It is an easy to grow ornamental pot plant which produces striking pink flowers. Disocactus flagelliformis has long hanging stems of up to 1.2 m long and 2.5 cm in diameter. Each stem has 7-14 ribs and 15 or more yellow spines per areole.
Disocactus flagelliformis grows well in bright, indirect sun or partial shade, and well-drained, rich potting mix. Propagation is by cuttings or through seeds.
Echinopsis chiloensis, Cactus
Echinopsis chiloensis is a species of cactus in family Cactaceae. It is native to Chile in South America, and is commonly known as hedgehog cacti, sea-urchin cactus, and Easter lily cactus.
Echinopsis chiloensis is a tree-like cactus with basal-branching structures. It can grow to a height of 8 m tall. The stems are 10-12.5 cm in diameter with 10-17 low-notched ribs and large whitish areoles, 1-4 central spines (5 cm long) and 8-12 radial spines (4 cm long). The spines are yellowish at first, then grayish. It produces white flowers from spring to late summer.
Echinopsis chiloensis is a drought-tolerant cactus and is suitable for growing in container. Propagation is by stem cuttings or softwood cuttings.
Escobaria vivipara, Cactus
Escobaria vivipara is a species of cactus in the family Cactaceae. It is a native of North America, and most are distributed in Mojave and Sonoran Deserts. It is commonly known as Spinystar, Pincushion cactus, Beehive Cactus, and viviparous foxtail cactus.
Escobaria vivipara is a low-growing, small cactus growing up to 15 cm tall, in oblong or spherical shape. This cactus is covered in a mat of star-shaped arrays of straight white spines, 1-2 cm long. It bears pink, yellow, magenta, or purple funnel-shaped flowers, 2-5 cm in diameter, in spring to late summer. Fruiting occurs 2-5 months after flowering.
Ferocactus echidne, Cactus
Ferocactus echidne is a species of barrel cactus in family Cactaceae. It is native to Central Mexico, and is commonly known as Sonora Barrel, Coville’s Barrel Cactus, Emory’s Barrel Cactus, and Traveler’s Friend.
Ferocactus echidne is a solitary globose cactus with 13-16 prominent and wavy ribs. In mid-summer, it bears yellow, funnel-shaped flowers, 2-4.5 cm long and 3-3.5 cm in diameter. It grows well in full sun and well-drained soil.